T opic identification.
  • Clearly identify the topic of the paper you are writing. Make sure that your title clearly reflects this topic.

  • If you are selecting a topic for a paper, make sure that it is a topic that is wide enough to get enough information or that it is not too wide so that there will be too much information.

  • If you are given a topic on which to write, make sure that you understand it. If not, ask the teacher to fully explain it.
A tree trunk.
R eact to each paragraph.
  • Analyze each paragraph of the paper in relation to the topic. Either do this as you write the paper, or do it after you have written the paper.

  • Ask yourself why this paragraph is included in the paper and how the paper would be without this paragraph.

  • If a paragraph does not seem to be related to the topic of the paper, either drop it or change the content so it more closely matches the topic.
A tree with branches but no leaves.
E xamine each sentence in each paragraph.
  • As you write each paragraph or after you have written a paragraph, read it and ask yourself if each sentence is related to the topic sentence of the paragraph.

  • If a sentence does not seem to be related to the topic of the paragraph, either drop it or try to change it so that it is related to the topic.
A tire swing serving as sentences to be compared to the paragraphs to see if it is related to them.
E nd.
  • Write a concluding paragraph or read the one that you have already written, and ask yourself if it summarizes the main ideas of the paper or comes to a conclusion based on the information presented in the paper.

  • Make sure that you do not introduce any new information that has not been covered before.

  • If the ending includes information that is not relevant, drop it or change it to make it relevant.
Leaves on the tree, serving as a concluding paragraph.



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